Material Sample WO-48
About 120,000 sheep graze Slovenian meadows.
— Sheep shearing once or twice a year yields a maximum of approximately 1.4 kilos of wool, which translates into approximately 160 tonnes of wool of all quality grades.
— About half of this wool is suitable for handicrafts, while the remainder is discarded, burnt or stored unprotected in attics.
— In Slovenia, Balkan pramenka breeds are the most popular, including the Jezersko-Solčava, Bovec, Istrian pramenka and Bela krajina breeds
— In Slovenia, sheep are not reared only for wool. Traditionally, sheep are reared to produce milk (Bovec, improved Bovec sheep, Istrian pramenka) and meat (Jezersko-Solčava and improved Jezersko-Solčava breed). Here, wool is a by-product of sheep rearing.
— The quality and quantity of wool depend on genetic and environmental factors, particularly on breed, gender, age and health, and partly on rearing conditions, such as food and climate
— Most wool from Slovenian sheep breeds is rough, and the fibre diameter does not meet textile industry standards. White wool is softer than dark, and, therefore, more expensive.
— Sheared wool must be sorted and washed. Rainwater or water from the public water supply should be used. There are no special washing stations, so breeders and sellers make their own arrangements. Breeders with smaller quantities of wool can wash their own wool and use it to make products for domestic purposes or products sold locally.
— Washing and drying is followed by combing or carding, which can be done manually or by machine
— Combed wool is used for felting or is spun into yarn.
Olivia de Gouveia
pH15 (Lucija Jankovec, Nika Batista,
Katja Grčman, Maruša Kranjc,
Karmen Sedeljšak, Ana Jazbec, Elena Fajt)